Many dangers exist on Ohio roads, and if you are a crash victim, the consequences can be severe. Even if the accident caused no fatalities, you probably experienced physical trauma and mental distress. Even minor accidents can cause catastrophic injuries.

It is essential to go for a medical evaluation or examination after any accident, regardless of the severity. The sooner you receive treatment for injuries, the better. The shock and heightened adrenaline level could convince you that you are fine, only to discover hidden injury symptoms later.

Common auto accident injuries

While there is an endless list of possible crash injuries, doctors classify them in different categories. Your injuries will depend on your position in the car, whether you were wearing your seat belt, and the point and severity of the impact. The speed at which the vehicles traveled will likely also play a role.

Head and brain injuries

These are most common in collisions, and you could even suffer brain trauma without hitting your head against the windshield, the steering wheel or the dashboard. The doctor will look for the following head injuries:

  • Mild scars, bruises and signs of concussion.
  • Skull fracture
  • Evidence of internal brain injury, swelling or bleeding caused by severe jostling of the head.
  • Severe brain injuries can cause permanent disability, hearing loss, vision loss or nerve damage.

The area of the brain where the injury occurred will determine the type of damage.

Injuries to joints and extremities

You could suffer crushing or impact injuries that affect the following body parts:

  • Torn ligaments
  • Muscle sprains and strains
  • Fractured arms, legs, shoulder bones, hips as well as crushed hand or feet bones
  • Torn menisci or cartilage in the knee joint, Achilles tendon ruptures and ankle sprains
  • Dislocated shoulder and hip joints

These injuries can range from mild to severe.

Chest, back and neck injuries

Upper body injuries are common in car accidents, and it could affect your chest, neck and back. If you were in the front seat, risks of any of the following injuries will be higher:

  • Mild to severe neck and back strain or sprains resulting from whiplash
  • Contusions and bruises in the chest area
  • Severe injuries to the neck vertebrae and discs
  • Fractured collar bone
  • Dislocated shoulder
  • Fractured spine and injuries to the spinal discs
  • Fractured ribs

Depending on the severity and the speed of obtaining medical care, some of these injuries could permanently hamper or restrict your movement, cause chronic pain or even leave you paralyzed.

Internal organ damage

These injuries are often missed immediately after the accident. However, if left undiagnosed, they could threaten your life:

  • Ruptured spleen is most common
  • Organs in the chest cavity punctured by fractured ribs
  • Damage to kidneys, bowels and liver
  • Injuries to your heart, aorta and lungs

A thorough medical examination can identify these injuries, and prompt treatment might save your life.

Psychological injuries are among those that you might not recognize immediately. Emotional distress can develop into post-traumatic stress disorder, which could have an adverse effect on your life if you do not receive appropriate therapy.

Recovery of damages

Along with the physical and emotional consequences of a car accident, you might have to cope with the financial repercussions. Not only will there be mounting medical bills, but you may also lose wages from not working that will affect your financial stability. Fortunately, the Ohio civil justice system allows crash victims to pursue claims for recovery of economic and noneconomic damages. Navigation of a lawsuit might seem daunting, but an experienced personal injury attorney can provide the necessary support and guidance.