Types Of Car Crashes: FAQ

A car accident can leave you with serious injuries and thousands of dollars in debt. At Levy Law Offices, we can help you understand more about the different types of car collisions by discussing common injuries they cause and answering frequently asked questions about each. The most common types of car accidents include:

  • Rear-end
  • Head-on
  • Rollover
  • Side impact

For a free consultation regarding your accident, contact Levy Law Offices today: 513-655-5089. Our attorneys represent accident victims in Cincinnati, Ohio, and throughout the Tri-State Area.

What Are The Most Common Injuries In A Rear-End Car Crash?

Even a seemingly minor rear-end collision can cause serious injuries. Some of the most common injuries in a rear-end crash are soft tissue injuries to the neck and spinal cord, known as whiplash.

Because of the forces involved in a rear-end crash, your head whips back and forth beyond its usual range of motion. This force pulls, strains and sprains the muscles, tendons and ligaments in your shoulders, neck and back. The result is chronic pain, numbness in the arms, headaches, loss of range of motion, fatigue and dizziness. Many people do not take whiplash seriously, but it can lead to intense pain, require months of physical therapy and keep sufferers out of work for weeks or months.

The Following Driver Is Always At Fault For A Rear-End Collision, Right?

Not always. In most cases, yes, the driver of the rear car is responsible for damages after a rear-end collision. These accidents typically occur when the front vehicle has to slow down or stop for some reason, and the rear driver fails to react in time due to distraction, fatigue or intoxication.

However, the driver in the front car can cause a rear-end collision if he or she cuts off another driver, backs up unexpectedly or fails to replace burned-out brake lights.

What Are The Common Causes Of Head-On Collisions?

Head-on collisions can happen almost anywhere and can leave victims with devastating injuries. They occur somewhat more often on two-lane roads with no medians than on highways or interstates, but it pays to never let your guard down.

In many head-on collisions, the at-fault driver was:

  • Drinking or using drugs
  • On prescription medications that cause drowsiness
  • Fatigued or fell asleep at the wheel
  • Texting, tuning the radio or otherwise distracted
  • Driving the wrong way on a one-way road or interstate

Some head-on accidents are also collateral accidents. This type of crash occurs when a driver swerves onto the other side of the road to avoid being in an accident and causes another collision. This may also occur when a driver swerves to dodge debris, an animal or another road hazard.

What Are The Most Common Injuries In Head-On Collisions?

Head-on collisions are one of the deadliest types of crashes because both cars are usually traveling at speed. Injuries can vary widely, depending on any number of factors.

The most common include:

  • Lacerations
  • Broken facial bones, including cheeks, jaws and orbital bones
  • Breaks and open fractures of the legs and feet
  • Soft tissue injuries to the knees and ankles, including torn ligaments and tendons
  • Crush injuries requiring extensive surgery or amputation
  • Spinal cord injuries, including those that cause paralysis
  • Traumatic brain injuries
  • Internal injuries

Why Do Rollover Vehicle Crashes Occur?

It is not unusual for a rollover accident to damage only one vehicle. Many people assume this means only one car was involved, but this is not always the case. Often, rollovers occur after drivers make evasive maneuvers to avoid an accident. This may include leaving the road to avoid a crash, swerving to avoid a vehicle merging into their lane or other sudden moves.

Many rollover accidents have factors in common, and understanding these factors can help you avoid this type of crash. According to Safercar.gov:

  • About 40 percent of all fatal rollover crashes involve excessive speeding.
  • Three-fourths of all fatal rollover accidents happen when the vehicle is going more than 55 mph.
  • Three-fourths of rollover accidents happen in rural areas.
  • Drinking and driving plays a role in half of all fatal rollover crashes.

Why Are Side-Impact Collisions So Dangerous?

Side-impact crashes are far too common, accounting for about 25 percent of all accident fatalities in the United States, according to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS).

This is likely due to the way companies design and build cars. The front and rear of the vehicle have a sturdy frame and lots of metal and fiberglass to absorb the energy from a crash. There are air bags to provide additional cushioning in a head-on crash and seats designed with safety in mind to support you in a rear-end collision. However, the sides of vehicles rarely have the construction necessary to protect occupants from side impacts.

Newer vehicles may have additional framing, energy-absorbing foam and side curtain air bags to protect occupants in a side-impact crash, but severe injuries and fatalities are still far too common. It is not unusual to see neck and back injuries, traumatic brain injuries, broken bones, and internal trauma after a side impact crash.

How Can I Collect Compensation After A Negligent Driver Causes A Collision?

If you believe another driver acted negligently and caused your Cincinnati car crash injuries, Levy Law Offices can help you understand your legal options for compensation. We can often file an insurance claim based on the at-fault driver's liability policy and negotiate a settlement to help you cover your medical care, lost wages and other accident-related losses. Fill out our contact form or call us today at 513-655-5089 to schedule your free consultation with a skilled and dedicated lawyer.